Copyright is a form of intellectual property; if you don’t understand copyright, now is the time to start! Copyright protects authors, artists, composers, programmers. Note that ideas cannot be copyrighted; rather the author enjoys copyright protection as soon as there is a tangible form of expression (manuscript, work of art, score, code). However, copyrights are best protected when registered with the government (in the US, this is the Copyright Office; see Virtually every institution offers guidance on copyright protection, infringement and “fair use” for their faculty, students and staff.

Our book is copyrighted by Oxford University Press. These pages are copyrighted by the books’ authors, Jean Schelhorn and Joan Herbers